Demystifying Betting Myths
Statistics are the language of betting; learn to speak fluently, and the market will reveal its secrets.

Experience the future of sports betting education at our new store – visit Soccerwidow's new store!

1×2 HDAFU Tables User Guide: 6 Easy Steps to Find the most Lucrative Betting Systems

Step 6 – Bet Selection

Okay, so you’ve bought your tables, analysed your leagues, come up with your systems, and adjusted the inflection points using standard deviation technique.

How do you go about choosing which games to bet on?

We are assuming you have experience placing bets and have access to a range of bookmakers and at least one betting exchange, with funds available. If not, then we suggest you read our blog thoroughly before committing money to any betting adventure.

The important thing to understand about the data driving the HDAFU Tables is that the odds are the highest market odds recorded as near as possible to the close of the ante post market.

In the case of 99.9% of all games listed in the Data Tab of each table, the odds shown are the highest available at some point within the final 10 minutes before the market closes and the match goes in-play. In the vast majority of cases, however, the data is time-stamped within one or two minutes before kick-off.

This means that the optimum time to place bets is during the final 10 minutes before kick-off, after the market has reacted to the team news and line-ups.

Using an Odds Comparison Site

We use OddsPortal as our odds benchmark on the day of matches. But like any miner of third party information they rely on API’s to gather data.

Odds have a habit of moving fast, especially near the point of in-play when the biggest wedge of money is being wagered, so some bookmakers’ odds showing on OddsPortal are sometimes unavailable once you visit their sites. The same can be said of all odds comparison sites.

Of course, it is impractical to have a whole bunch of bookmaker sites open at once just to check their prices, but with OddsPortal it is possible to see the time-stamps of the last contact they had with a particular bookmaker to see when those odds were recorded. This is why we use them: because they are the only site that includes time-stamped odds.

Most of the time, you will not have any issues as a result of moving odds because the prices of the particular bet type you are interested in remain comfortably within your two inflection points.

You may even decide to place bets far earlier than close to kick-off time because of this very reason. After all, if the market indicates the match fits your selection criteria, in other words, the highest odds on offer at the time are inside your inflection point parameters, then the bet is still a valid one to place, even if you could have got a higher price still within your range, or the price you obtain turns out to be higher than the closing price.

Shall I, Shan’t I?

The only time you will have more pressing decisions to make is when the price of the result you are looking at in a game you are interested in is close to either one of your inflection points.

For example, let’s look at home wins and favourites. Your lower inflection point is 2.15 and the market is hovering around 2.12. Do you wait and see if the price rises, or perhaps request a higher price again using an exchange (taking commission into consideration)?

What happens if the price is 2.17 and you take the bet at that price, only to see the market fall to 2.12 at kick-off?

The answer is that it really doesn’t matter. Over the course of time, things will even themselves out. You’ll place some bets at prices within your range that later drift outside. Some of these bets will win and some will lose, but the vast majority of your bets will be safely inside your ranges. You’ll also achieve higher prices (and higher rewards) on some bets that settle at lower prices but still inside your range.

Of course, if you place a bet at a price that does then drift (reduce) outside of your lower inflection point, you always have the option of laying it at an exchange at the lower price and achieving arbitrage for a profit before the game even kicks-off.

On higher prices (draws, away wins, underdogs), if the price rises above your upper inflection point, you have the option of laying at an exchange for a small loss before kick-off (which we personally don’t do), or letting it ride. If the result goes your way (i.e. if you’re on the draw and it stays a draw for some time; or if the underdog scores first), you can always lay in-play for a profit or break-even position.

But it’s the higher odds that ultimately earn you the profits when it comes to portfolio betting. Again, some of these outliers will win and some will lose, and you will find that in the end, things will tend to balance themselves out.

Which Bookmakers to Monitor?

OddsPortal is a very easy site to use and navigate.

We have produced a basic guide to everything you need to know about using their site here.

In this article you will also find out which bookmakers we pay particular attention to when deciding upon our own bet placements in conjunction with the HDAFU Tables. You will also be walked through how to set up your OddsPortal account to resemble our own.

Signing-up to OddsPortal places absolutely no obligation on you whatsoever, and you can use it to monitor odds completely free of charge and without the worry of receiving any junk mail from them. (Soccerwidow is not affiliated with OddsPortal in any way, although we are always happy to recommend them).

How do I Find the Time-stamps in OddsPortal?

Open any match you are interested in and simply hover your cursor over the odds of any bookmaker to see their progression.

(Click on the image below to enlarge it in a new tab):

HDAFU Table Data Tab: OddsPortal Time Stamp Example

HDAFU Table Data Tab: OddsPortal Time Stamp Example

In the screenshot above, we are using 5Dimes as our example. You can see that hovering over their odds produces a pop-up summary of how the odds have changed over the course of time. In this case, 5Dimes price of 2.08 was recorded by OddsPortal just three minutes prior (time of screenshot in top right hand corner).

And that’s it really. Of course, the most important goal when placing any bet is to try and achieve the highest price possible.

If you are falling far below the highest price available on a regular basis you may wish to monitor what effect that is likely to have on your results by learning about the HDAFU Tables’ Odds Toggle function. Hopefully, we’ve thought of everything!


The league we have used in this example formed part of our 2017 Summer League portfolio. We don’t see any point updating this article with more recent examples as all the current tables operate in the same manner we have described.

Incidentally, We chose this example completely at random, knowing that every league contains a system of this nature.

Indeed, there are plenty of systems to find where all five of the previous seasons have produced profits.

We demonstrated this in our 2016 Campaign article, which used eight ‘perfect’ systems out of a total of 15 employed.

Here’s the story of that campaign recounting how we made over £10k in 178 days with level stakes of £100, with just a small portfolio of Summer League systems.

The following 2016-17 Winter League Campaign made almost double that amount.

Bookmaker Business Model

The bookmakers cannot cover every angle. The best they can do is make a small commission on every game via overround (vigorish), based on the weight of money staked.

They firstly do not have the time to take a more targeted approach – they process hundreds of thousands of betting opportunities every week.

Secondly, their commission based business model doesn’t give them any scope to do this. In short, they don’t need to do it.

They do not try to predict the outcomes of matches.

They base their odds on historical statistics and adjust them according to the weight of money staked.

HDAFU Table Business Model

What we are doing is targeting the perennial sweet spots in the historical results (the previous five seasons in each league).

To do this we use a combination of the match results and their odds to see where the greatest return in the profit/loss curve was.

We first use a graph to visualise this, and then use the table of data to narrow down our field of view for higher precision marksmanship.

It’s the simplest way we know of building a potentially high yield investment plan, which is driven and protected by the synergy of the many systems running parallel with one another in our portfolio.

And, it’s an active investment throughout the year with both Summer League and Winter League systems overlapping throughout the calendar. (We never have a mid-season break!).

Like our other articles say, you’ll need a portfolio of at least 500 bets in a similar time scale to see the benefits of finely-tuned systems supporting one another.

This means several systems from several leagues to provide the statistical synergy you will need.

If you would like to see the layout of our HDAFU tables before buying them, then here’s that free download button again:

>>> free hdafu table download <<<

Again, this table is a dummy with all features disabled: Sorry, but you will need to buy a table to access the full benefits.

Okay, that’s pretty much it for this article. Hopefully we have put things more on a plate for you but if there is anything you wish to ask, then please use the comments box below.

However, before you do get in touch with us, read the comments below and also the ones on the Summer League Campaign and the Winter League Campaign articles, as your question will probably already have been addressed. The existing customer comments are a veritable mine of information to further your thinking.

Buy The Current Summer League & Winter League HDAFU Tables Here!

And don’t forget, you get all three tables (whole season, first and second half season) whenever you buy a single league. (Except Australia A-League = Whole Season Analysis Only).

Thanks for reading and happy hunting!

Last Update: 1 June 2017

Categories:1x2 Betting Betting Guidance Betting Systems

88 Responses to “1×2 HDAFU Tables User Guide: 6 Easy Steps to Find the most Lucrative Betting Systems”

  1. 24 June 2018 at 8:53 pm #


    When will the 2018-19 winter league tables be available for purchase?


    • 25 June 2018 at 6:11 am #

      Hi Simon,

      our deadline is to publish the tables for the 2018-19 season the next two weeks.

  2. 4 May 2018 at 9:47 am #

    Hi – Just bought one of your tables to have a look at – looks great but I have a couple of questions about laying using these tables.

    Looking at the inflection point charts there’s often area’s that look like they’d be great for laying so my questions are
    – Would you ever have a backing and laying strategy in the same league (assuming the odds ranges were different for each).
    – Have you ever found a laying strategy that was the best strategy in a given league? Perhaps my real question is – is it worth looking or would you stick to backing strategies

    Many thanks


    • 4 May 2018 at 10:19 am #

      Hi Bruce, you can do both: laying and/or backing.

      Say, if the favorites in the particular league you’re looking at are vastly under-priced, then lay them. However, then the underdogs in that particular league will be over-priced… that would be a back bet strategy.

      However, you cannot mix exactly these two together because in effect, you would be gambling on the same outcome… the favourite not to win.

      Another thing to take into consideration is when deciding whether laying or backing that laying can only be done via exchanges and they charge a 5% commission whilst backing can be done via a huge range of bookmakers without any commission fee. Of course, that only works if you have access to the bookmakers that offer regular the highest prices, especially for underdogs.

      You’ll need to do quite a bit of home work in that direction before you’ll be able to make an informed decision.

      • 4 May 2018 at 3:43 pm #

        From what you say there’s no reason not to run laying and backing strategies in the same league – so long as they don’t directly conflict.

        Some of what I was wondering about was that if one laid with a liability of 100 units then your returns would be lower and so backing strategies might always win out, while simply staking 100 units per lay might put pressure on one’s bank. Intuitively, and from the little homework I’ve done thus far, it seems for the same liability per bet a laying strategy would probably want more bets to generate a good return.

        • 5 May 2018 at 5:29 am #

          Hi Bruce,

          regarding the best staking you’ll have to do some more homework and run some retroperspective simulations yourself. For that, identify the systems (strategies) you’d like to follow and then calculate various scenarios such as laying/backing with the same stakes or with the same liability or make the stakes dependant on the odds, and so on.

          I personally prefer “Marias Staking Plan”. I don’t know if you ever heard of her. This was a thread, now over a decade ago, in which she published lay picks on horses and increased her original starting bank from £3000 within only one year to £100.000. Her stakes (risk) were interlinked with odds clusters. Here’s the original thread in the Webarchive: Marias Laying System. You can learn a lot from that thread.

          In addition, on the German sister site, I published an article about this staking plan transferred to backbetting: Transferring Maria’s Laying System to Back Bets. Unfortunately, this article is not yet translated into English so you’ll need to use Google’s autotranslate option to read it in English.

          Hope that helps and good luck!

          • 5 May 2018 at 5:11 pm #

            Thanks for the reply – lots of work for me – I had heard of Maria but hadn’t paid much attention but now you’ve recomended her I’ll take a look.
            Thanks again

          • 6 May 2018 at 7:46 pm #

            Many thanks for putting me onto this – looking at it, reading some more of your articles and playing around with excel it looks like it’s based on minimising the impact of longest losing streaks – I like this because I’m know I’m not good with drawdown – although I get better as I better understand the math.

            So I have couple of things I’d like to ask – Maria was betting a single system on horses – so do you think her figures are too conservative if one is playing a few systems across a few leagues and can you point me to anything that would allow me to better quantify that – I realise that this could get very detailed and I’m not sure how detailed it needs to be but I can’t help being curious.

          • 6 May 2018 at 9:41 pm #

            Hi Bruce,

            I don’t really understand your question but I will try my best…

            If you would like to replicate with football betting what Maria did with horse racing then you’ll have to search the inflection point graphs in the HDAFU Tables for curves that go permanently down and that have odds below 11.00. For example, betting on away wins in the German Bundesliga within the odds range from 1.67 to 3.00.

            The next step is to look closer at this group (in the Data tab) and try to figure out a pattern with a promise of a positive return when laid. For that, split the bets into subsets and try to find for each subset, groups that have a lower hit rate than the odds suggest. These are your lay candidates.

            This will reduce the number of available bets that are going to fit your criteria during the next season – in the German Bundesliga in this particular group to 25/30 matches each season.

            In total you will need approximately 500 bets over the course of a full season. That means that you’ll have to identify this type of lay bet across perhaps 15 different leagues.

            Say, in the Bundesliga the group you found had an average 55% hit rate for lay bets. To balance that low hit rate out you’ll need to find somewhere else a similar big group with a 95% prospective hit rate, and so on. In other words, try to balance the risk within your portfolio.

            Once you have drawn up a list of candidates, then run a simulation using the previous season only (not 5 years) and see if you would have actually achieved the desired hit rate of 85% (like Maria achieved) and how your bank would have moved up and down. Remove the leagues that didn’t work or add more leagues/ groups for further diversification.

            Really, this is a huge topic and as you say this could get very detailed.

            The HDAFU Simulations are just a starting point to look into the right direction but they are really only the very first step.

            You are right that the main purpose of Maria’s staking plan was to minimise the impact of long losing streaks.

            By the way, all of her bets were value bets with an average mathematical advantage (yield) of 7%. This number may sound very low but she showed the betting community that it is better to concentrate on steady growth than on a high yield.

            A high yield is a ‘synonym’ for high risk; the higher the yield you hope to achieve the higher the risk of a long losing streak, frayed nerves, desire to pull the plug on the system, etc. etc.

            Just as a side note, could you please wait with any further questions until end of May? We are currently immensely busy in implementing the GDPR (European data protection law), which has to be in place by 25th May. Thanks for understanding! 😉

    • 7 May 2018 at 10:57 am #

      Many thanks for all your help – no more questions now – sorry if my last question was a bit vague – your answer gave me what I wanted to know – many thanks.


  3. 29 January 2018 at 5:39 am #

    Hi guys.

    I just thought I’d go over a previous question just to make sure the information keeps up to date.

    Regarding which bookies to tick at Oddsportal. This seems like a reasonably important point as we’d like to mirror the exact conditions you guys use when determining qualifying bets

    Regarding Right Winger’s response to Tony on 10 May 2017 at 12:35 am

    The bookmakers you guys tick at Oddsportal:

    “188bet; 888Sport; Betclic; Betfred; BetVictor; Betway; BoyleSports; Comeon; Coral; Expekt; Island Casino; Ladbrokes; SBOBET; Sportingbet; Tipico; Titanbet”

    I would’ve thought this info might’ve been a condition of the HDAFU tables themselves. Wouldn’t this info be of some importance in the pursuit of accuracy using your system (or maybe it has a marginal impact)?

    Anyway I would just like to know if this info is still current and also why those particular bookmakers?

    Keep up the great work you evil geniuses.


  4. 6 October 2017 at 5:50 am #

    Hi I’ve finally been able to go through your new table and explanation on Paraguay but I have 2 questions and I can’t seem to find the answers above. Firstly you mentioned that you should only choose the best option in each league. i.e. Away win has 2 odds clusters and you mentioned you should only choose one and not both. What about if say you had Draw and Underdog both meeting all parameters, would you include both or choose the best of the 2 so you’re only following one option per league?

    Secondly, you have many tables available now. If you purchase all the leagues, what bank would you recommend? Above I noticed some people mention they’re betting 5% which converts to a 20-unit bank while you mentioned your study was with 2500 euros and betting 100 euro fixed bets (or a 25-unit bank). However you mentioned that you should look for an ELS of less than 20 in the historical results. That means you would blow your bank if you had a run of 20 losses and were betting 5% of your bank. I recall reading somewhere on your blog some time back that you should bet ELS x 5 which means in this case you should have a 100-unit bank. I think you actually showed it in a formula.

    Anyway I hope I’ve made sense. Look forward to your response.

  5. 14 September 2017 at 3:27 pm #

    Hello again Rado,

    I am glad you seem to have hit a rich vein of results at the very beginning of your campaign.

    In contrary to your last paragraph, the HDAFU Tables are based on odds as near to the close of the ante post market as possible. In other words, within the last hour before kick-off, but mostly within the last five minutes before kick-off.

    The optimum betting time is therefore within the last hour before the commencement of any match. Try and get it closer if you can (preferably within the last 15 minutes).

    If you read the comments sections in all the HDAFU Tables’ articles, you will see that we do advocate the placement of some bets far longer in advance of the kick-off time, but only on games where we have a good idea of how the market is likely to move.

    This is particularly the case with odds that are buried in the middle of the two inflection points, and are likely to remain so for the duration of the ante post period.

    We can also take a chance with home teams/favourites that are likely to drift in (i.e. reduce in price). If they drift too far and outside the lower inflection point, we can always lay these situations with an exchange and achieve a second revenue stream in the form of arbitrage.

    Attaining these special skills is all about knowing how and why the market prices move. To teach yourself this, you will need to observe price fluctuations in games over the whole of the ante post period.

    With time, you will begin to see patterns – each league is slightly different according to its popularity and the weight of money placed by punters. Each bookmaker will follow one of three basic strategies in order to achieve its desired market share, and so on.

    What I am saying is that it is possible to anticipate price movements in the market, and this is true of any ‘enclosed’ market with indentifiable boundaries such as football betting. It’s a small pond affected purely by supply and demand based around either two (e.g. yes or no) or three (e.g. 1-X-2) outcomes.

    With bookmakers controlling the prices based on demand and their ability to supply, things are far easier to predict than something like the stock market where prices are determined by what people are prepared to pay for something at any given point in time.

    Another big difference that makes bookmakers more predictable is the fact that the market is time limited (unlike stocks and shares, where only the IPO, the initial public offering of shares, has a limit – i.e. the length of time taken to fill the IPO).

    The bookmaking industry is therefore more similar to the way insurance is transacted than to the vast ocean of unpredictable stocks and shares trading, which, I would also say, carries far greater risks and uncertainties.

    Regarding your comment about odds jumping in extreme amounts, I would say that things tend to settle down more in the last 15 minutes before kick-off. Any bookmaker jumping around by 10 ticks or more (using your example), is likely to be desperate for market share in an attempt to address an imbalance in its book. Ignore these outliers as they are usually not representative of the market opinion at the time.

    Whatever you decide to do, make sure you enforce the decision entirely. In other words, make a plan and stick to it. You are more likely to succeed doing this than treating every situation on its own merits.

    The word ‘luck’ only comes into the equation when the end result turns out better (or worse!) than that to be expected from our own extensive set of skills.

    When this happens, we can say that in spite of our skills-set and all the hard work and time that went into creating our understanding of the job, the end-result was better than expected – this is definitely ‘good luck’ in operation. However, you still need the cake in place before you can receive any icing that is likely to come your way…

    Successful betting is all about hard work. It’s an evolutionary process, and if you are prepared never to give up learning, then you will become better and better at it. Learning is the key to life on earth. Once you give up learning and adpating to your situation, you become extinct.

    Rado, I hope all of this helps in some small way! Thanks for your time and trouble in commenting again.

  6. 14 September 2017 at 2:11 pm #

    Time to report the results after my first week of betting 😀

    It was an exceptionally good run of winning bets, probably it’s beginner’s luck, I don’t know, but the fact is that in only a week, I increased my starting bank by more than 50%! Let’s hope it continues like this from now on.

    Probably I’m getting annoying, but can you please give me a piece of advice about betting times. All right, I now agree that placing ALL the bets on the previous evening is probably not a good idea, so I do my best to track the odds and place the bets in the last hour before kickoff (usually 40-50 mins before match start time).

    Is it okay if I do that for all matches, because sometimes in the last hour before kickoff the odds are a true rollercoaster and can jump up or down by more than 10 hundreths in a matter of minutes? Well, I guess the effects will cancel each other out – sometimes I will bet and then the odds will become higher the next minute, but other times I will have luck and the odds will fall after I bet. So that’s probably not a problem. My worry is if the bet gets outside the inflection points. Then I guess I will simply leave it be.

    Besides, the intro to your tables says something like “the odds in the HDAFU tables are based on the odds on the evening before kickoff of all matches”. So why then must we wait until the last hour before the game to place our bet, when all our data and inflection points are based on odds 24 hours earlier?

Leave a Reply / Comment

Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. You can also subscribe without commenting.